These abstract oil paintings progress from chaotic beginnings towards meticulous, systemic order.  Hasty, exaggerated gestures form the grounds of the works.  Sometimes fluid, sometime viscous, paint is often poured on, or thrown at the canvas. This approach embraces chance and bypasses conscious decision-making and subjectivity.  

Variant systems are devised for each painting in response to the underpainting, which evolve organically, eventually obscuring their own roots and their originating rationale.  New rules accumulate, generating contradiction and overlaying competing structures so that the imagery increases in complexity. 

These paintings reflect how humans organise, socially and politically.  The use of rules reflects the dilemmas of societal regulation and the incongruity in implementation of the law.